GENERAL INFORMATION - DEMOGRAPHICS
France has a population of 60 million inhabitants and is a member of both the European Union (EU) and the European Board of Urology (EBU). There are 1350 Urologists (1 urologist per approx. 44,444 inhabitants) and 250 Residents (1 resident per approx. 5 urologists).
NATIONAL UROLOGICAL SOCIETY
Association Française d’ Urologie (AFU)
After a 6 year-long medical course, the national examination grades the students (“externes”) to choose their residency (medicine, surgery, pediatrics, anesthesy, biology) and their city. They become residents (“internes”) in surgery for five years if they foresee to validate urology.
French residents and chiefs are offered additional courses :
The ECU is a 9 expert-sessions course running on 3 years : highly recommanded and prized for all residents of the country.
Complementary diplomas (DESC) : in Andrology, in Oncology. They are accessible for residents in urology and certify their qualification in these fields.
(Inter)Universitary diploma (DU or DIU) usually offer a pratical training or knowledge during 1 or 2 years on satellites subjects such as laparoscopy, urodynamics, ultrasounds, or others. Foreign visiting residents or doctors can follow these formations and be delivered a french diploma. If you plan to come, have a look to the formation on the website of french universities !
To access an academic career, as MCU (Maitre de Conférence Universitaire = senior lecturer) or PU (Professeur des Universités), one year must be exclusively devoted to scientific researches. This is Master of Philosophy (“Master 2”). Then a 3-years long science thesis has to be validated to become PhD. International scientific publications are mandatory and one year must be spent in foreign country for clinical or research fellowship.