Moldova has a population of approximately 3.3 million inhabitants. 14 Urological Departments are operating all over the country. There are 140 Urologists (1 urologist per 23,571 inhabitants) and 5 Residents (1 resident per approx. 28 urologists).


Title Moldovian Society of Urology / Societate de Urologilor din Republica Moldova
President: Prof. A. Tanase


For graduating in Medicine in Moldova one has to complete 6 yrs of basic medical education followed by a common entrance test for entry into specialty courses. The medical education can be undertaken in one of the 3 languages: English, Romanian or Russian. To be a specialist in Urology one has to undergo a training for 4 years which includes 6 months of training in General Surgery followed by 3 yrs and 6 months in Urology . This training also includes posting in Sub-specialties:

1) Lithotripsy: 3months
2) Pediatric Urology: 3 months
3) Onco-Urology: 2 months
4) Gynecology: 1month After completing 4 years it is necessary to take an exit exam before one can be awarded the degree of a specialist Urologist and a license to practice as a urologist in Moldova.

Only those urologists who are Moldavian nationals are allowed to practice in Moldova .


The standard of training in Urology in Moldova is good when it comes to open surgeries, lithotripsy, hemodialysis and renal transplant but the training in endoscopic urology needs a lot of improvement. It is mainly due to the existing economic conditions that there is a lot of delay in the proper implementation of minimal invasive surgery in Urology .It can only improve with the support from the western European Countries.


There is a certified postgraduate research program or PhD after the completion of the residency program. The residents also actively participate in the intra or inter departmental research projects . There is no existing Fellowship program here in Moldova.