National Communications Officers:


- Rauno Okas


- Märt Mikkal


General Information - Demographics:

Estonia has a population of 1.3 millions inhabitants. There are approximately 55 Urologists and around 7 urological residents.

National Urological Society:

Eesti Uroloogide Selts (Estonian Urologists Society)
President: Toomas Tamm Ida-Tallinna Keskhaigla

Urological training:

Since 2003, because of the reformed curriculum of undergraduate studies, it is possible to enter residency training directly after 6-year studies in the University of Tartu. Tartu University is the only university in Estonia, where it is possible to study medicine. The important innovation in the new curriculum is the absence of a separate internship period. After getting the Diploma of General Medicine, we have, in few weeks time, oral and written exams into Urology residency. The residency lasts 2+3 years. 2 first years contains 9 months general surgery, 5 months traumatology and orthopaedics and 2 months of anesthesiology, vascular surgery, urology and thoracic surgery. 2 first year programme is all the same for all surgical speciality residents. After the 2nd year we have written and oral exam. From 3rd year Urology contains also different specialities, like: 26 months of Urology, 2 months Pediatric Urology and Oncology and 1 months of Nephrology, Gynecology and Andrology. The resident must have done at least 200 Urological procedures, 150 Urological operations and 150 operations as assistant in the end of 5 year of residency. The postgraduate medical training is carried out in best facilities in Estonia under the supervision of best specialists of the profession. In addition to developing practical professional skills and experience while performing procedures and investigations, the residents have to participate in theoretical courses, conferences, clinical rounds and educate themselves with the help of scientific literature. The final examination completing residency training is given in front of a committee, whose members are the current professionals of the specialty upon graduation. If passed, the resident will be granted the title of a medical specialist.

Career prospects:

After finally completing the 5 year residency a urologist may work as: - practical specialist in state/private hospitals and out-patient clinics - research fellow in clinical / research facilities conducting a research for obtaining degree, academic professional teaching students / docent or professor. PhD can be made also during residency

Fellowship - Research Opportunities:

Certified post-graduate training is obligatory every 5 years by attending training courses for updating knowledge in Urology. The evaluation is provided by educational centers, accredited certification. At the moment we are having project of Doctoral Schoool going on. The Doctoral School of Clinical Medicine is a collaborative project between University of Tartu, Tartu University Hospital and University of Helsinki. The main goal of this project is to organize doctoral studies more effectively and to enhance the quality of the studies. During the Doctoral School, there will be interdisciplinary courses, conferences and practical trainings. New lecture courses will be developed also lectors from other universities and science-development institutes will be included in the study and instructive activities, also a collaborative network will be created in order to integrate and enhance theoretical studies and practical needs. Doctoral School of Clinical Medicine (1.09.2009 – 30.06.2015) has received structural funding in the amount of 19 million Estonian crowns. The funding for the project “Development of collaboration and innovation of state schools” from European Social Fund is received through SA Archimedes.