National Communications Officers:
Greece has a population of 11 million inhabitants and is a member of the European Union, the European Association of Urology and the European Board of Urology. There are 96 urology departments out of which 29 are licensed to “run through” educating residents (21 of them belong to public health or military hospitals and 8 of them are university departments). There are at least 107 urology residents in a total number of approximately 1.100 urologists.
National Urological Society:
Hellenic Urological Association (HUA) / Ελληνική Ουρολογική Εταιρεία (E.O.E.)
President of the Executive Board: Dr. I. Gkialas
3 Member Residents Committee (Τ.Ε.Ε.Ο.)
Glykas I., Zampaftis Ch., Lazarou L.
In Greece, a graduate Medical Doctor after completing 12 months of community health service can start his residency in Urology. A 5-year staged training program is offered:
- 1-year of basic surgical training in General Surgery (common trunk)
- 3 years in Urology and finally
- 1 year divided in two of the following 3 specialties (on rotation):
- Gynecology, Plastic Surgery or Pediatric Urology.
The training program of Urologists is conducted in public health training-centers validated and accredited by the Central Health Council (CHC), an advisory body to the Ministry of Health and Welfare. There is a fixed number of posts per training-center, which is defined by the CHC. Vacancies are filled through a selection procedure conducted by the local Prefectural Health Directorates. Candidates for a specific training-center are registered in a waiting list and are being selected on a first-come first-hire basis. Waiting time may vary considerably among training- centers although in the past years it has decreased dramatically due to migration of many Greek junior doctors. Specialty is awarded upon successful completion of residency training, following a written and oral examination before a scientific committee. The Ministry of Health is currently reassessing residency training and in the years to come important changes is anticipated such as National Residency Exams. Residents are encouraged by the Hellenic Association of Urology to participate in the annual EBU In Service examination as well as young urologists are encouraged to participate in the FEBU examination.
Regarding the education of residents, there is a yearly education program in every urologic department. The stuff of each department together with the residents is responsible for this program (the number, frequency and the contents of the lectures) under the supervision of the director. The Hellenic Urological Association (H.U.A) organizes lectures and literature updating once a month that take place in Athens. Since 2005, a 5-day educational course in EUREP standards for residents in the last years of residency is also organized once a year by the H.U.A. In addition, each section of the H.U.A as well as various urology departments organize symposia and seminars in different cities around Greece where residents can participate, usually without fee. After national exams, H.U.A grants a yearly scholarship of 20.000 Euros for training abroad, for residents and young urologists. Furthermore, there are scholarships granted by the government or various foundations for young urologists training abroad. PhD programs and clinical research are not compulsory according to the national residency program regulations, but many residents are involved in various research or PhD projects. Residents are at "on call duty" 4-7 days monthly. This depends on the number of the residents of each department. The salary of a resident is around 1050 euros and every "on call duty" is paid between 70-100 euros. Most of the major departments exercise General Urology including endourology and all the open radical operations. In a few departments laparoscopic surgeries are done as well. Some departments have specialized outpatient departments (andrology, lithiasis, prostate, urodynamics etc.). The 2nd Urology Department of Athens Medical School and the Urology Department of the University of Crete are EBU certified centers. Residents of other countries who would like to apply for clinical training or research in Greece, are kindly requested to address the national committee of residents for more information. Cities with Medical Schools are Athens (2 urology departments within medical school), Thessaloniki (2 urology departments), Larissa (1 department), Ioannina (1 department), Patra (1 department), Iraklion (1 department), Alexandroupolis (1 department).
Upon finishing residency training, young urologists usually work as private office urologists, or in public or private health trusts. It is also possible to occupy hospital positions (mainly in smaller cities) or get an academic appointment.
Fellowship - Research Opportunities: